The nuclear sector in South Africa is mainly governed by the Nuclear Energy Act 1999, Act 46 of 1999 and National Radioactive Waste Disposal Institute Act, Act 53 of 2008. Nuclear Energy Act 1999, Act 46 of 1999. These Acts are administered by the Department of Energy.
Other legislation that also have some relevance for the nuclear industry are the Hazardous Substances Act, the Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction Act, the Patent Act, the National Strategic Intelligence Act, the National Key Points Act, the Protection of Constitutional Democracy Against Terrorist and Related Activities Act, the Mine Health and Safety Act, the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, the National Environmental Management Act, the National Water Act and the Dumping at Sea Control Act.
The NNR operates within the following Constitutional, Legislative and Policy framework:
The National Nuclear Regulator (NNR) is mandated to provide for the protection of persons (the public and workers), property and the environment against nuclear damage as the competent authority for nuclear regulation in South Africa. This mandate is conferred in a number of policy documents as reflected below:
Nuclear Energy Policy
The Nuclear Energy Policy of the Republic of South Africa was published in June 2008. It presents a framework within which prospecting, mining, milling and the use of nuclear materials as well as the development and utilisation of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes by South Africa shall take place. Among various things, the Policy covers:
Radioactive Waste Management Policy and Strategy
In carrying out its regulatory mandate, the NNR ensures that policy guidelines and principles relating to radioactive waste management are supported for purposes of ensuring safety. The requirements relating to the management of radioactive waste are assessed and compliance of NNR authorisation holders is monitored.
South Africa has been a member state of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 1957, and has entered into the following multilateral agreements;
VISION, MISSION AND VALUES
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